Climate impacts on freshwater systems

- with special emphasis on Sweden's largest lakes Vänern, Vättern and Mälaren  

The value of continuous monitoring programmes

What kind of climate is predicted for the future?

Effects of warmer temperatures on:

  1. Physical processes
  2. Chemical processes
  3. Biological processes

Sweden's largest lakes Vänern, Vättern and Mälaren: To what extent has a warmer winter climate affected:

  1. Lake ice
  2. Water temperature
  3. Water discharge and water level
  4. Water chemistry
  5. Biological life

Overview over observed responses of Sweden's largest lakes to a warmer winter climate

Climate impacts on European freshwater systems are currently studied within the EU-project CLIME