|The ecosystem of a catchment is the target of Integrated monitoring
(IM). In this transect figure some of its components and processes
|Swedish Integrated Monitoring runs the following sub-programmes
according to the recommendations of the international IM:
|In brackets the international code for the subprogramme.
* = optional subprogramme.
Hydrological monitoring is an overall activity included in meteorolgy,
throughfall, soil water, groundwater and runoff water.
|It is central to IM that cause-effects relationships on both the
ecosystem level and in its various parts can be detected and monitored.
Therefore the physical and chemical processes and the biological
responses are observed as integratedly as possible. In practice
this means that sampling and observation are coordinated in time
and space. The spatial coordination is performed by placing as
much interdependent sampling and observation as possible at a
central site in the catchment, i. e. near the runoff water gauge.
The localisation of the various sampling stations are seen on
the maps under Sites.